Basic Bone Broth

For hundreds of years, people have been making broth from the bones and leftover parts of animals. When vinegar is added, the broth becomes medicinal as the acid releases minerals and proteins from within the bones and cartilage that are readily absorbable. This virtual liquid vitamin is especially beneficial for healing and nourishing the gastrointestinal tract. 


Bones—poultry, beef, lamb, fish or shellfish. Grass fed or Organic where possible. You dont need to use the chicken feet! 

  • Raw bones, with or without skin and meat (raw bones and meat may be browned first in the oven, or in the bottom of the stockpot to enhance flavour and colour)
  •  Use a whole carcass or just parts (good choices include feet, ribs, necks and knuckles)

Vegetables—peelings, ends, tops and skins or entire vegetables may be used

  • Celery, carrots, onions, garlic and parsley are most traditional, but any will do
  • If added towards the end of cooking, mineral content of vegetables will be higher

Vinegar—Apple Cider Vinegar with “the mother”, 2 tablespoons per 1 litre water

Water—cold, filtered water to cover both bones and vegetables

Combine all ingredients in a large stainless steel pot or pressure cooker. Bring to a boil and remove any scum that has risen to the top. Reduce heat, cover and simmer 6–24 hours (3-12 hours if using a pressure cooker). To reduce cooking time, smash or cut bones into small pieces before cooking. If desired, add vegetables in last half hour of cooking. Strain through a colander or sieve lined with cheesecloth for a clearer broth. If uncooked meat was used to start with, reserve the meat for soup or salads.

If you wish to remove the fat, use a gravy separator while the broth is warm or skim the fat off the top once refrigerated. Cold broth will gel when sufficient gelatin is present; ensure you stir this back into the stock. Broth may be frozen for months or kept in the refrigerator for about 5 days.


  • As a base for making soups. 
  • Use broth in place of water to cook grains, beans and rice.
  • Simply add Celtic or Himalayan salt and sip broth like tea. This is especially nice in the winter or if you’re feeling sick.

Adapted by Cassandra Hilton from

Traditional Bone Broth in Modern Health and Disease by Allison Siebecker (The Townsend Letter, February/March 2005)

Nourishing Traditions by Sally Fallon (New Trends, 1999)